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CAREER EXPLORATION

Accountancy & Finance

A career in this category requires the assortment of various factors including the understanding and application of accounting, business knowledge, financial strategies and developed management and personal skills.
 
Motivation: Organization, Business
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitudes: Figurework, Numeric, Precision and Verbal
 
Secondary School Subjects Required:
English
Mathematics
Accounting
Business Studies/ Economics
 
Where do they work?
Governments, Companies, Partnership Firms, Organizations and Individually.
 
This cluster is further segmented into the following:
 
  • Accounting: Accountants analyze report and give advice on the financial dealings of organizations and individuals, and advice on associated record-keeping and compliance requirements.
  • Financial Planning:  Financial planners and wealth managers help individuals plan their financial futures. Understanding investments, taxes, estate planning issues and a keen listening ear to the needs of the client are a must-have skill.
  • International Business: Comprehensive educational qualifications in International Business and knowledge about the global market are key area requirements in this field.
  • Financial Management: The main goal is to supervise the preparation of financial reports, guide investment activities, and execute cash-management strategies. The responsibilities vary according to position. Specific titles include controller, treasurer or finance officer, credit manager, cash manager, and risk and insurance manager.
  • Risk Management: Risk management is the identification, assessment, minimization, and potential elimination of the various risks that can threaten anorganization's financial stability.
  • Insurance: Jobs in insurance involve helping individuals and business manage risk to protect themselves from catastrophic losses and to anticipate potential problems. Jobs in this sector range from administrative support to management programs, from sales to information technology, from accounting to customer service.
  • Auditing: Auditors help to ensure that firms are run efficiently, public records kept accurately, and taxes paid properly and on time. They analyze and communicate financial information for various entities, budget analysis, financial and investment planning, information technology consulting, and limited legal services.
Job Profiles:
Cost Accountant:                                  Management Accountant
Systems Accountant                             Forensic Accountant
CA/CPA                                                ACCA
Finance Manager                                 Investment Analyst
Financial Analyst                                  Credit Analyst:
Auditor                                                  Internal Auditor
Financial Auditor                                  Risk Analyst
Securities Analyst                                 Tax Specialist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Agriculture & Land Management

This field is a combination of modern technology with nature studies. It involves research, analysis and implementation of various techniques to increase productivity and conserve resources. Agriculture and Land management is a constantly developing field and offers some of the highest paid jobs due to its need for flexibility.
 
Motivation: Physical, Experimenting
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitudes: Spatial, 3-D, Visual, Figurework
 
Secondary School subjects required:
Chemistry
Geography
Biology
 
Where do they work?
Research institutes, Agriculture based companies, Commercial Firms, Government and individually.
 
This cluster is further segmented into the following:
  • Agribusiness Management: Focuses on the managerial functions performed by organizations throughout the food system.
  • Agriscience: Provides a foundation for careers in agriculture and natural resources industries
  • Resource Development and Management: Focuses on policy analysis, planning, evaluation, budgeting, and program management.
  • Packaging: Focusing on food packaging, health care and pharmaceutical packaging and industrial packaging.
  • Horticulture: Focuses on the science and art concerned with culture, marketing, and utilization of high value, intensively cultivated fruits, flowers, vegetables, and ornamental plants.
  • Forestry: Focuses on the science and art of managing natural resources that occur on forest lands
  • Food Science: Focuses on the development of new foods, investigation of new production and processing methods, and research ways to insure a safe, nutritious, and economical food supply.
  • Fisheries and Wildlife: Focuses on environmental management, conservation, and wildlife ecology and management.
Job Profiles:
Agricultural Scientist                     Agricultural Biotechnologist
Agricultural Microbiologist            Agronomist
Animal Scientist                           Crop Physiologist
Farm Owner/ Manager                  Agriscience Educator
Horticultural Scientist                    Soil Scientist
Environmental Analyst                  Environmental Planner
Forest Ranger                                Aquaculture
Food Technician                           Food Chemist
Land Management Specialist       Water Quality Specialist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Archaeology & Anthropology

Archaeology and anthropology together encompass the study of humankind from the distant origins of the human species to the present day. Both disciplines have a long history and involve a range of sophisticated approaches shared with the arts, social sciences and physical sciences. There is also lively interaction between both the disciplines thus enabling them to be closely associated.
 
Motivation: Arts, Experimenting, Words
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitudes: Visual, Verbal, Spatial, Vocabulary, 
 
Archaeology: Archaeologists search for, analyse and interpret the remains of human cultures, in an attempt to reconstruct the history, customs and way of life of previous inhabitants. Archaeologists may specialise in particular geographic regions or areas of study, such as the identification of animal skeletal remains or plant remains.
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Art and Design
Geography
History
Languages
 
Where do they work?
National Agencies, Teaching and Research Institutions, National Organisations, Commercial Planning and Development Consultancies, Museums and Commercial Organisations.
 
Tasks:
  • survey, map and record archaeological sites, develop research processes, organise and carry out excavations, field surveys and surface collections
  • clean, conserve, restore, reconstruct and display material found at archaeological sites
  • photograph and/or draw features and artefacts on-site and during post-excavation analysis
  • analyse the finds through a variety of means including physical and chemical techniques and documentary research
  • document the information obtained from the findings in a concise report
  • advise individuals and groups on heritage matters, including conservation options and legal provisions
  • prepare material for publication.
Job Profiles:
Field archaeologist                       Environmental archaeologist
Forensic archaeologist                  Landscape archaeologist
Experimental archaeologist           Osteoarchaeologist
Curators                                         
 
Anthropology: Anthropologists study human origin, development, and behaviour.  They may stay in one particular area or region or travel the world to collect information in order to learn and better understand the customs, values, and social patterns of various cultures and compare and contrast them to other cultures.
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Art
Biology
English
History
Languages
 
Where do they work?
Social policy and planning, social impact assessments, conservation, advocacy, community development, women and development, cultural resource management, land claims and social justice.
 
Tasks:
  • Work in different communities to gather and analyse information on social and cultural behaviour, artefacts, language and biology of groups and societies which they are studying
  • Collect, identify, date, protect and preserve indigenous artefacts, material possessions and other objects of anthropological interest.
Job Profiles:
Biological Anthropologist             Linguistics Anthropologist
Physical Anthropologist                Socio Cultural Anthropologist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Architecture

Architecture is the use of creativity and a practical understanding of structures and materials to develop concepts, plans, specifications and detailed drawings for buildings and other structures. Architects negotiate with builders and planning authorities, administer building contracts and inspect the work carried out. This field is a combination of engineering and design. Architects are responsible for providing the detailed instructions and drawings to create buildings.
 
Motivation: Arts, Experimenting
Personality: Imaginative, Deliberate
Aptitudes: Visual, Numeric, Spatial, 3-D
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Mathematics
Geography
Physics
Art and Design
 
Where do they work?
Construction companies, individually and designing firms.
 
Tasks
  • taking into account all aspects of the design, structure and purpose of a building project discuss requirements of clients or builders (to design a new structure or modify an existing one) and prepare a brief
  • prepare sketch drawings, production drawings and detailed drawings by hand or using computer-aided design (CAD) equipment
  • combine structural, mechanical and artistic elements into the building design
  • discuss designs and cost estimates with clients and others involved in the project, including engineers, quantity surveyors, landscape architects and town planners
  • obtain necessary approvals from authorities
  • prepare specifications and contract documents specifying building materials, construction equipment and, in some cases, the interior furnishings, for builders, trades people and legal advisers
  • observe, inspect and monitor building work, to make sure that it is progressing according to the contract and specifications
  • evaluate projects once they are completed and occupied.
Job Profiles:
Designer Project Manager            Architect Consultant
Architect Instructor                       Technical Architect
Systems Architect                         Landscape Architect
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Art and Design

Art and design is a diverse field with many branches. It is a creatively driven cluster of careers with infinite possibilities and unending technological advancement. A keen eye for observation and an imaginative streak is required in this stream.
 
Motivation: Arts, Physical
Personality: Imaginative, Spontaneous
Aptitudes: Spatial, 3-D, Visual, Precision
 
Secondary school subjects required:
English
Mathematics
Art and Design
 
Where do they work?
Gaming companies, Multimedia companies, Architectural Firms, Construction companies, art galleries, media companies, film and animation industry, fashion industry and individually.
 
The various segments are:
  • Fine Art/Art Education:Fine art or the fine arts describes an art form developed primarily for aesthetics and/or concept rather than practical application.
  • Industrial Design:the blend of applied art, architecture and engineering which attempts to develop physical solutions to meet particular needs.
  • Architecture: The art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.
  • Art Therapy: Art therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses art materials, such as paints, chalk and markers. Art therapy combines traditional psychotherapeutic theories and techniques with an understanding of the psychological aspects of the creative process, especially the affective properties of the different art materials.
  • Photography:The art or process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces.
  • Art History: Art history has historically been understood as the academic study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts.
  • Graphic/Digital Design/Multimedia: The branch of visual arts concerned with the aesthetics and production of layout, design and typography.
  • Illustration: An illustration is a displayed visualization form presented as a drawing, painting, photograph or other work of art that is created to elucidate or dictate sensual information (such as a story, poem or newspaper article) by providing a visual representation graphically.
  • Game Art:Game art design is an exciting, fast paced career field. Designers are responsible for the creation of the artwork seen in video games, animations, and other related computer media projects. 
  • Animation: Animation is a type of optical illusion. It involves the appearance of motion caused by displaying still images one after another. Often, animation is used for entertainment purposes.
  • Art Conservation: It is the study, preservation and restoration of works of art and cultural material.
  • Interior Design:Interior design is a discipline that looks after designing all of the interiors of a space. This can include things like flooring, windows, doors, walls, lighting, furniture, and miscellaneous design pieces.
  • Product Design: It can be defined as the idea generation, concept development, testing and manufacturing or implementation of a physical object or service.
  • Fashion Design: Fashion design is the art of the application of design and aesthetics or natural beauty to clothing and accessories.
  • Jewellery Design: Jewellery design is the art or profession of creating, crafting, fabricating, or rendering designs for jewellery.
 Job Profiles
Advertising Designer                  Animator
Art Director                                Commercial Artist
Graphic Artists                           Graphic Designer
Illustrator                                    Layout Designer
Multimedia Designer                 Page Designer
Interior Designer                        Building Space Planner
Designer                                    
Fashion Designer                      
Jewellery Designer
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Bio Sciences

Bio Sciences is a vast field encompassing various streams. It is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bio products. Modern use similar term includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies.

 
Motivation: Experimenting, Organization, Physical
Personality: Factual, Solitary
Aptitudes: Visual, Numeric, Verbal, Figurework
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Biology
Chemistry
Mathematics
 
Where do they work?
Laboratories, Research and Development Institutes, Government Institutes, Private Research Companies, Medicine industry and Individually.
 
The various segments are:
  • Bio Technology (Life Sciences): It refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and the human environment.
  • Bio Medical Sciences: the application of the principles of the natural sciences to medicine
  • Medical Genetics:Medical Genetics is the specialty of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders
  • Biophysics:Biophysics, also known as biological physics, is an interdisciplinary science that applies the principles of physics and chemistry and the methods of mathematical analysis and computer modelling to understand how the mechanisms of biological systems work.
  • Forensics: Forensics is a science dedicated to the methodical gathering and analysis of evidence to establish facts that can be presented in a legal proceeding.
  • Biomedical engineers: Biomedical engineers apply engineering and scientific methods to find solutions to problems in medicine and the life sciences.
  • Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is an emerging discipline at the convergence of computing and the life sciences and is aimed at development of technologies for storing, extracting, organising, analysing, interpreting and utilising this information.
  • Genetics: Life scientists examine the anatomy, physiology and biochemistry of humans, animals, plants and other living organisms to better understand how living organisms function and interact with each other and the environment.
Job Profile:
Biochemist                     Botanist
Marine biologist             Zoologist
Anatomist                      Biological Scientist 
Geneticist                      Immunologist 
Physiologist                   Pharmacy 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Business, Marketing and Management 

Business studies is a combination of management, organisational behaviour, marketing, human resource and marketing.
 
Motivation: Business, Organisation 
Personality: Factual, Gregarious
Aptitudes: Numerical, Figurework, Verbal, Sequences 
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
English
Mathematics
ICT
Business Studies
 
Where do they work?
Government departments, Marketing firms, Business associations. Self-employed. Management consulting firms and Advertising agencies
 
The various segments are:
 
  •  Business Economics: Business economics is that part of economic theory which focuses on business enterprises and inquires into the factors contributing to the diversity of organizational structures and to the relationships of firms with labour, capital and product markets.
  •  E-Business: It is a term used to describe businesses run on the Internet, or utilizing Internet technologies to improve the productivity or profitability of a business. In a more general sense, the term may be used to describe any form of electronic business — that is to say, any business which utilizes a computer
  •  Information Technology: It is the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
  •  International Business: International business is a term used to collectively describe all commercial transactions i.e. private and governmental, sales, investments, logistics, and transportation, that take place between two or more nations.
  •  Management: Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.
  •  Marketing:Marketing is the process of performing market research, selling products and/or services to customers.It is an integrated process through which companies build strong customer services and create value for their customers and for themselves
  •  Human Resource: Human resources is also the name of the function within an organization charged with the overall responsibility for implementing strategies and policies relating to the management of individuals
  •  Advertising: Advertising is a form of communication intended to persuade an audience to purchase or take some action upon products, ideas, or services.
 
Job Titles
Bank Manager                                 Commercial Banking Manager
Credit Manager                                Credit Union Manager
Trust Company Manager                  Benefits Manager
Compensation Manager                   Employee Benefits Manager
Employee Relations Manager          Human Resource Administrator
Human Resources Manager              Labour Relations Manager
Personnel Manager                          Recruiting Manager
Staff Training Manager                    Management Consultants
Business Development Officer          Economic Development Officer
Market Research Analyst                   Market Researcher
Marketing Analyst                             Marketing Consultant
Marketing Project Officer                  Project Manager
Aviation Management 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Catering

Caterers organise and control the operations of establishments involved in catering and dining. Providing food and services on the basis of orders or events is also a huge part of the catering business. Catering industry in simplest provides food services which are from time to time required in various events big and small and also on day-to-day basis.
 
Motivation:  Arts, Business
Personality: Imaginative, Spontaneous 
Aptitudes: Spatial, 3-D, Figurework, Sequences, Visual
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
Business Studies
Mathematics
Home Economics
Biology/ Chemistry
 
Where do they work:
Hotels, restaurants, cafes, cafeterias, canteens and as a small-scale
 
Catering Management: It involves managing all of the day-to-day operations of catering services in a restaurant, hotel or resort. There are various jobs involving supervision of employees, creating budgets for events, hiring and training workers and planning menus. This involves assortment of lower to higher level positions.
 
Job Titles
Manager
Banqueting Manager                     Conference Manager
Deputy Manager                            General Manager
Kitchen Manager                           Restaurant Manager
 
Catering Service: Catering services basically means providing food and services. There is a diverse range of jobs involved with specific duties and requirements.
 
Job Titles
Chef                                                                 Conference and Banqueting Supervisor          
Kitchen Manager                                             Food Service Assistant                                    
Kitchen Porter                                                  Kitchen Staff                                                    
Restaurant Supervisor                                      Food & Beverage                               
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Chemistry

In simplest terms, chemistry is the science of matter. Chemists study and apply the physical and chemical properties of substances to determine their composition, to develop new substances, processes and products, and to increase scientific knowledge.
 
Motivation: Experimenting, Physical
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitudes: Visual, Numeric, Precision and Figurework
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Mathematics
Chemistry
ICT/ Computer Science
 
Where do they work?
Research and development, Production, Marketing and sales, Management, Government Institutes, Hospitals and Medical Institutions.
 
A few segments are:
  • Pharmaceuticals: It involves the development, produce and marketing of drugs licensed for use as medications.
  • Oceanography:  the branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans
  • Metallurgy: Metallurgy the study of the physical and chemical behaviour of metallic elements.
  • Geochemistry: Studying the chemistry of earth materials.
  • Agrochemistry:  Agricultural chemistry is the study of both chemistry and biochemistry which are important in agricultural production
  • Chemical Engineering: Chemical engineering largely involves the design, improvement and maintenance of processes involving chemical or biological transformations for large-scale manufacture.
  • Bio Technology (Life Sciences): It refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and the human environment.
  • Forensics: Forensics is a science dedicated to the methodical gathering and analysis of evidence to establish facts that can be presented in a legal proceeding.
  • Analytical/Clinical Chemistry: Analytical chemistry is the science of obtaining, processing, and communicating information about the composition and structure of matter.
Job Titles
Analytical/clinical chemist                       Development chemist
Environmental chemist                            Geochemist
Industrial/production chemist                   Organic chemist
Research chemist                                     Chemical Engineer
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Computing & IT

Computing includes designing and building hardware and software systems for a wide range of purposes - processing, structuring, and managing various kinds of information; doing scientific studies using computers; making computer systems behave intelligently; creating and using communications and entertainment media; finding and gathering information relevant to any particular purpose, and so on. The list is virtually endless, and the possibilities are vast.
 
Motivation: Experimenting, Organisation
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Visual, Numeric, Sequences and Spatial
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Mathematics
ICT/ Computer Science
English
 
Where do they work?
Research and Development, Government, Organisations, Institutions, Companies, individually.
 
The various segments are:
  • Computer Engineering: Typically involves software and hardware and the development of systems that involve software, hardware, and communications.
  • Computer Science: Currently the most popular of the computing disciplines; tends to be relatively broad and with an emphasis on the underlying science aspects.
  • Information Systems: This is computing in an organizational context, typically in businesses.
  • Information Technology: Focuses on computing infrastructure and needs of individual users; tends to involve a study of systems.
  • Software Engineering: Focuses on large-scale software systems; employs certain ideas from the world of engineering in building reliable software systems.
 Job Titles:
Computer engineers                Web Design       
IT Consultants                          Multi Media      
Systems designers (IT)             Graphic Design       
Database Design Specialist     Wireless and Mobile Technology       
Systems Architect                     Programmer                       
Animation                                Systems Software                          
Game Development 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Ecology & Environmental Sciences

Ecology and Environmental science is collectively broad cluster of various careers which are linked to the study of the environment and its components. It is very vast which provides various areas of specialization depending on the area of interest.
 
Motivation:   Experimenting, Physical 
Personality: Imaginative, Passive
Aptitude: Visual, Numeric, Precision, Spatial, 3D, Figurework
 
Secondary school subjects required:
English
Biology
Chemistry
Geography
Mathematics
 
Where do they work?
Research and Development, Medical Institutes, Government, Organizations, Environment Organizations, Resource Conservation Agencies.
 
Ecology is the scientific study of interactions of organisms with one another and with the physical and chemical environment.
 
Environmental Studies is the academic field which systematically studies human interaction with the environment.
 
Some of the few sciences involved are:
  • Oceanography
  • Geoscience
  • Biochemistry
  • Marine Science
  • Microbiology
  • Meteorology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Animal & Plant Sciences
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Land Management
  • Paleontology
Job Titles:
Ecologist                                               Plant Ecologist
Natural Resource Manager                    Environmental Officer
Environmental Scientist                        Environmentalist
Life Scientist                                         Marine Scientist
Geoscientist                                          Soil Scientist
Agriculturist                                           Agronomist
Environmental Engineer                       Conservation Scientists
Agricultural Engineer                            Paleontologist
Environmental Bio Technology            Enviromental Economics
Environmental Law
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Economics

This field aims to provide high level applied and theoretical knowledge and skills in economics and related disciplines. It is designed to provide students with an appreciation of various economic issues such as unemployment, resource allocation, economic growth, income distribution and foreign trade.
 
Motivation:   Organisation, Experimenting
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Numeric, Verbal, Figurework, Sequences, Vocabulary
 
Secondary School subjects required:
Economics
Mathematics
 
Where do they work?
Government, Businesses, Organisations, Research and Development, Educational Institutions.
 
The segments involved are:
  • Business Economics: This discipline combines necessary analytical tools and information to address the economic issues that arise on a regular basis. It is a quantitative programme of study in applied economics with a strong business focus.
  • Development Economics: This is a branch of Economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low-income countries.
  • Econometrics: It is the branch of economics that applies statistical methods to the empirical study of economic theories and relationships. It is a combination of mathematical economics, statistics, economic statistics and economic theory.
  • Environmental Economics: This is a relatively new field of Economics that looks at environmental issues in relation to economic development and sustainability and how they impact the local and global economies, either positively or negatively.
  • Financial Engineering: This discipline combines financial theory, mathematics and computer technology.  This field involves application of advanced mathematical methods and computer technology to financial markets and financial management.
Job Titles:
Economist                                     Economic Analyst
Economic Advisor                         Policy Analyst
Econometrician                            Health Economist
Government Economist                Finance Economist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Education

This discipline is involved with the responsibility for a number of activities in the educational sector, ranging from the development of policy to the development and review of course curricula and teaching materials.
 
Motivation: Social, Words
Personality: Factual, Gregarious
Aptitude: Visual, Verbal, Precision, Vocabulary, Figurework
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
English
 
Where do they work:
Education Institutes, Training Centres, Individually.
 
  • Education Administration: This involves the administrative part of the education industry where decision making and other vital choices are made. This involves the authoritative and structural part of the discipline.
  • Teaching/Training: This involves the actual imparting of education. This involves interaction with students and actual training or teaching of the selective area of interest by a trained teacher to the student.
Job Titles
Education Managers                    Early Childhood Teacher
Principal                                      Teacher
Professor                                      Director
Instruction Design                        Knowledge Management
Special Management                  Special Education
Knowledge Process Outsourcing 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Engineering

Engineering is the discipline, art, and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize solutions to the needs of society.
 
Motivation: Physical, Experimenting
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Numeric, Visual, Figurework, 3-D, Sequential 
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Mathematics
Physics
Chemistry
Biology
ICT/ Computer Science
English
 
Where do they work?
Businesses, Multi-national corporations, Research and Development, Laboratories, Industrial Plants and Factories, Production Houses.
 
The few segments are:
  • Electronics engineering: it is the discipline which designs, develops, tests and maintains electronic parts and systems used in computers, communications, navigation, industry and entertainment. 
  • Electrical engineering: A stream which deals with the designing, developing and supervision of the manufacture, installation, operation and maintenance of electrical systems. They work on systems for the generation, distribution, utilisation and control of electric power. They also work on electronic systems used for computing, communications and other industrial applications. 
  • Mechanical engineering: This is used to plan, design and oversee the development, installation, operation and maintenance of machinery. They conduct research to solve practical engineering problems and improve efficiency. 
  • Aerospace engineering: This is used to perform and supervise the design, development, manufacture and maintenance work on all types of flight vehicles. This may include military and civilian aeroplanes, helicopters, missiles, launch vehicles, spacecraft, satellites and control and guidance systems. 
  • Civil engineering: This is to plan, design, construct, operate and maintain roads, bridges, dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation, harbours, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories and large buildings. 
  • Biotechnology/Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and techniques to the medical field.
  • Environmental Engineering: Environmental engineers are concerned with assessing and managing the effects of human and other activity on the natural and built environment. They apply their engineering knowledge and skills to such things as environmental impact assessment, natural resources management and pollution control. 
  • Marine engineering: This is the application of engineering to control the installation, operation and maintenance of machinery and equipment on ships and offshore structures. 
  • Computer engineering: This is the involvement in the installation, repair and servicing of computers and associated equipment (peripherals). They may sometimes be described as information technology (IT) hardware technicians, service engineers or computer systems engineers. 
Job Titles
Electronics Engineer                  Computer Systems Engineer
Environmental Engineer            Civil Engineer
Mechanical Engineer                 Aerospace Engineer
Bio Medical Engineer                 Marine Engineer
Avionics                                      Mechatronics
Robotics                                      Telecommunication
Instrumentation 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

English

English graduates can enter a wide range of careers.
English graduates develop a wide range of skills that are valuable to graduate employers including: how to argue a point, how to think independently, to summarise and precise, to write and speak well, to write reports, to present information effectively and to work as part of a team. Many employers seek employees with developed communication, problem-solving, and decision making skills
 
Motivation:  Words, Arts
Personality: Imaginative, Spontaneous
Aptitude: Verbal, Vocabulary, Precision and Sequences
 
Secondary School Subjects Required:
English
 
Where do they work?
Libraries, Educational Institutions, Law Firms, Insurance Companies, Media Firms, Public Relations Offices, Human Resource Departments
 
A few segments are mentioned below:
  • Writers: They develop fiction and nonfictions for books, magazines, newspapers, company newsletters and various other mediums.
  • Editors: They select and prepare material for publication oftentimes supervising writers.
  • Lawyers: They act as advocates and advisors in our society using the research and communication skills learned through an English education. For more information about Lawyers please visit:
  • Advertising and Public Relations: These managers coordinate activities relating to marketing a firm's products and services profitably. A well-rounded education is sought by employers who also prefer employees to be mature, creative, highly motivated, and flexible, yet decisive. The ability to communicate well both orally and in writing is a necessity.
  • Some others are: Teaching, Civil Service, Mass Media, Human Resource, Personal Management, Library Services, Insurance and Risk.
Job Titles:
Announcer                                  Application Developer
Archivist                                      Editor
Educational Researcher              Educator
Author                                         Foreign Service
Interviewer                                   Manuscript Reader
Critic                                           Solicitor
Narrator                                       News Reporter
Philosophy                                  Politics
Professor                                     Proof Reader
Public relations                           Public Service
Publisher/Indexer                        Reading Consultant
FBI Agent                                    Lobbyist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Fashion

Fashion designers develop new styles and products for clothing, apparel and accessories by creating original designs, or by adapting fashions to suit local conditions and trends, and cutting and machining sample garments based on these designs.
 
Motivation: Arts, Business
Personality: Imaginative, Spontaneous
Aptitude: Spatial, Visual, 3D, Precision
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
Art and Design
Home Economics
 
Where do they work?
Apparel Manufacturers, Advertising agencies, Design studios, Newspapers, Textile mills, Fashion Forecasting Firms, Retail Businesses, Business and Magazines.
 
Fashion is involved in other segments such as:
·         Fashion Merchandising: Fashion merchandising is the combination of the processes that a new fashion item must go through to be available in the market in large quantities.
·         Beauty Business: This is the business which involves the use and sale of beauty products and services.
·         Fashion Design: This is a line where fashion is created, innovated and conceptualized.
·         Media: Fashion is linked in the media because it is the channel for making it available to the masses.
·         Costume Design: This is specifically a line of designing which involves the design of clothes, fabrics and garments.
·         Graphic Design: Graphic design is a creative process that combines art and technology to communicate ideas.
·         Apparel Manufacturing: In simple words this is the segment where clothes are manufactured.
·         Visual Communications: In simple words it means communication that relies on vision.
·         Photography: The art or process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces. Photography is an integral part of the fashion industry.
·         Product Development: Product development is a broad field of endeavour dealing with the design, creation, and marketing of new products.
·         Textile Design:Textile design is the process of creating designs for knitted, woven or printed fabrics
·         Footwear Design: Creating designs for shoes and other footwear.
 
Job Titles
Product Coordinator                      Media Sales Executive
Marketing Representative             Advertising Copywriter
Buyer                                            Operations Manager
Fashion Coordinator                     Public Relations Executive
Market Researcher                        Merchandise manage
Textile merchandiser                    Imaging assistant     
Fashion editor
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Geography

Geographers study and analyse the relationships between human activities and the natural and built environment.
Employers value the wide-ranging computer, research, and analytical skills that geography students bring to work as employees.
 
Motivation:   Physical, Arts
Personality: Factual, Solitary
Aptitude: Spatial, Visual, Numeric and Precision
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
ICT/ Computer Science
Geography 
Physics 
 
Where do they work?
Transportation, Leisure industry, Travel & Tourism Industry, Environmental Research Institutes, Government.
 
The various segments are:
·         Economic Geography: It involves in commercial, trading, banking and industrial organizations, analyzing and planning the location of firms or branches of institutions, and documenting the ways labor markets and economic production vary between locations and regions.
·         Environmental Geography: This deals with land and water management, urban and regional planning and natural hazards such as floods, drought and bush fires.
·         Human Geography: This analyses the forces influencing the patterns of populations and social, cultural and economic activities.
·         Physical Geography: This studies the physical environment and the forces which shape it. This could include climatic variability, land degradation, river quality and coastal erosion. At a broader level, they look at environmental conditions: how they have changed through time and what they will be like in the future.
 
Job Titles:
Urban Planner/Community Developer                               Cartographer
GIS Specialist                                                                   Climatologist
Transportation Manager                                                    Environmental Manager
Geo Informatics/ Geographic Information Systems 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

History

Historians conduct research into past human activity including the history of countries, organisations, periods of time, buildings, cultural heritage, particular events, people, and ideas or issues.
 
Historians usually specialise in a particular geographical region or period of time and study aspects such as politics, culture, law, ideas, economics or sociology. Many history graduates find careers in other areas such as teaching, the media, the heritage industry, libraries, museums, archives, advertising, business and public administration.
 
Motivation:  Words, Experimenting
Personality: Factual, Solitary
Aptitude: Visual, Verbal, Vocabulary and Precision
 
Secondary school subjects required:
History
English
Languages
 
Where do they work?
Law firms, Educational Institutes, Libraries, Information Services, Advertising companies, Government.
 
The various tasks involved are
  • To examine, assess and interpret evidence of past events by consulting and studying the works of other historians and researchers; by using sources of information such as archives, diaries, manuscripts, reports, statistics, artefacts, letters, newspapers, magazines and journals; and by interviewing people
  • To organise the information, check it for accuracy, interpret details, suggest theories and make conclusions
  • To present findings and conclusions through reports, the media, journal articles, books, lectures and museum exhibitions
  • To act as an adviser or consultant to government, commercial and private organisations, societies, churches and individuals
  • To perform research and/or teach at institutions such as universities and schools.
Job Titles:
Record keeper                        Archaeologist
Geochemist                            Cryptologist
Anthropologist                        Paeontologist
Researcher                              Educator
Communicator/Editor              Information Manager
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Hotel Management & Hospitality

Hotel management and hospitality go hand in hand. Even though they are synonymous in their categorization, they are different in their structure and services.
Both industries however have their core factor in common which is ‘service’. The main aim of this career cluster is the service factor which is involved from the lowest till the highest level.
 
The various departments involved are Food and Beverage (F&B), housekeeping, accounting, marketing, recreation, computer applications, management, maintenance, security and public relations among others.
 
Motivation: Organizing, Business
Personality: Assertive, Gregarious
Aptitude: Sequence, Figurework, Spatial, 3D and Numeric
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
English
Languages
Mathematics
Business Studies
 
Where do they work?
Hotels, motels, restaurants, Aviation industry, Casinos, Catering companies.
 
·         Hospitality: The hospitality industry consists of broad category of fields that includes lodging, restaurants, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry. The various hospitality units are a restaurant, hotel and amusement parks.
·         Hotel management: It is the practise of running hotels. Hotel management can also be termed as hospitality management. It is a sector which involves various inputs from diverse job profiles. The various departments involved are Food and Beverage (F&B), housekeeping, accounting, marketing, recreation, computer applications, management, maintenance, security and public relations among others.
 
Job Titles:
Hotel Manager                          Culinary Arts                        
Front Office Manager                Service Managers
Caterer                                      Supplier
Security Officer                         Event Management
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Language & Linguistics

Language refers to the specifically human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication. The scientific study of language in any of its senses is called linguistics.
 
A number of other intellectual disciplines are relevant to language and influence its study. Linguistics additionally draws on work from such diverse fields as psychology, speech-language pathology, informatics, computer science, philosophy, biology, human anatomy, neuroscience, sociology, anthropology, and acoustics.
 
Motivation: Words, Arts
Personality: Imaginative, Gregarious
Aptitude: Verbal, Vocabulary, Figurework and Sequences 
 
Secondary School subjects required:
English
Languages
Computer Science
 
Where do they work?
Educational institutes, Research programmes, Museums, Public Information among others.
 
The various segments of linguistics are:
·         Study of language structure or grammar: This focuses on the systems of rules that are followed by speakers or a language. It encompasses morphology and phonology.
·         Phonetics: It is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds, non-speech sounds, and how they are produced and perceived.
·         The study of language meaning: This is concerned with how language users make the inferences required to understand another's speech, how meaning is assigned and processed, and ambiguity.
·         Semantics: How meaning is inferred from words and concepts.
·         Pragmatics: How meaning is inferred from context.
·         Evolutionary linguistics: This considers the origins of language Historical linguistics: This explores language change
·         Sociolinguistics: This looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures.
·         Psycholinguistics: This explores the representation and function of language in the mind
·         Neurolinguistics: This looks at language processing in the brain.
·         Language acquisition: how children or adults acquire language.
·         Discourse analysis: This involves the structure of texts and conversations.
·         Semiotics: It is the general study of signs and symbols both within language and without.
 
Job Titles:
Interpreter                          Writer                                 
Linguist                              Poet                                   
Editor                                Copywriter                        
Translator                          Subtitler                             
Teacher
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

Law

Law is a system of rules and guidelines, usually enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways.Lawyers provide advice, write documents and conduct negotiations on legal matters, and may represent clients in court and tribunal proceedings.

Motivation:   Words, Business
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Verbal, Vocabulary, Figurework, Sequences, Numeric, Precision 
 
Secondary School subjects required:
English
History
Mathematics
 
Where do they work?
Government, Private practises, Education institutes, in Partnership firms.
 
The various segments are:
·         Legal Studies: This is the study of law in depth, all the aspects and its applications.
·         Corporate Law: It is the study of how shareholders, directors, employees, creditors, and other stakeholders such as consumers, the community and the environment interact with one another under the internal rules of the firm.
·         Criminal Law:Criminal law, also known as penal law, involves prosecution for an act that has been classified as a crime.
·         Contract Law: Contract law encompasses any laws or regulations directed toward enforcing certain promises.
·         Copyright/Intellectual Property Law: Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted by the law of a jurisdiction to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work.
·         Criminology & Justice: It is the study of the causes and effects of illegal activity on individuals, groups and society as a whole.
 
Job Titles:
Attorney                                  Corporate Lawyer
Solicitator                               Judge
Criminal Lawyer                     Para Legal
Company Secretary                Aviation Law
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Library & Information Sciences

Librarians design, develop and manage collections of recorded material and the delivery of information services to users. 
Library collections can include books, journals, newspapers, pamphlets, manuscripts, maps, films, sound recordings, microfilms, CD-ROMs, e-books, e-journals and databases.
 
Motivation: Words, Experimenting
Personality: Factual, Solitary
Aptitude: Visual, Verbal, Numeric, Vocabulary, Precision, Figurework 
              
Secondary school subjects required:
English
History
Languages
 
Where do they work?
Libraries, Museums, Information Services, Government, Travel and Tourism industry.
 
About Library and Information Sciences:
·         Librarians may also be known as information managers or research officers. They are responsible for bridging the gap between sources of information and those who need to access it.
·         Information managers may also become involved in research, technical writing, public relations, desktop publishing, database management and design, and market research.
·         The various tasks involved are helping people find information, archiving and clerical tasks. This profession involves good communication skills and also fluency in written and oral communication.
 
Job Titles
Archivist                            Librarian
Bibliographer                   Cataloger                          
Curator                             Cybrarian                          
Document analyst            Information analyst           
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Math & Statistics

Mathematics is the study of quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns, formulate new conjectures, and establish truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions.
 
Statistics is the science of making effective use of numerical data relating to groups of individuals or experiments.
 
Motivation: Experimenting, Organisation
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Numeric, Figurework, 3-D and Visual
 
Secondary School subjects required:
Mathematics
Statistics
English
 
Where do they work?
Communications, Aerospace, Research and Development Institute, Educational Institutes, government, electronic and engineering firms.
 
About math and statistics:
·         Mathematics:Mathematicians apply mathematical principles to solve problems in all areas of the sciences, technology, social sciences, business, industry and commerce.
·         Statistics: Statisticians design and apply statistical techniques for collecting and analyzing data to produce useful information from areas such as science, technology, medicine, business, finance and government. 
A biostatistician studies links between human diseases and their causes. They usually work in hospitals, pharmaceutical companies or government health departments, and use computers to investigate risk factors for health problems.
 
Job Titles
Mathematician                         Statistician
Biostatistician                           Researcher
Actuarial Scineces                    Programmer
Scientific Data Analyst
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Media & Communications

Media and communications is a vast field which combines technology and creativity to market, advertise provide information to the mass audiences.
 
In communication, media are the storage and transmission channels or tools used to store and deliver information or data. It is often referred to as synonymous with mass media or news media, but may refer to a single medium used to communicate any data for any purpose.
 
Motivation:   Words, Arts
Personality: Gregarious, Imaginative
Aptitude: Verbal,Visual, Spatial and Vocabulary
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Art and Design
English
ICT
 
Where do they work?
Media Companies, Communication Centres, Businesses, Government, Advertising agencies, Human Resource Departments, Planning Consultancies.
 
About Media & Communications
·         Mass Communications: This refers collectively to all media technologies, including the Internet, television, newspapers, and radio, which are used for mass communications, and to the organizations which control these technologies.
·         Market Research: Marketing research is the systematic gathering, recording, and analysis of data about issues relating to marketing products and services.
·         Advertising: Advertising is a form of communication intended to persuade an audience to purchase or take some action upon products, ideas, or services.
·         Public Relations: PR is a field concerned with maintaining a public image for businesses, non-profit organizations or high-profile people, such as celebrities and politicians.
·         Journalism: Journalism is the practice of investigation and reporting of events, issues, and trends to a broad audience.
 
Job Titles:
Advertising Executive
TV, Radio and Sports Announcers
Broadcast and Sound Engineering Technicians Radio Operators
Language Interpreters and Translators
News Analysts, Reporters, and Correspondents
Photography
Brand Management 
Television, Video, and Motion Picture Camera Operators and Editors
Corporate Communications
Copywriter
Production 
Films
Digital Media Communications
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Medicine

Medicine includes a wide range of people, working in very varied roles. As in any strong team, it needs players with different aptitudes that complement each other.
Medical practitioners diagnose physical and mental illnesses, disorders and injuries, and prescribe medications and treatment to promote or restore good health.
 
Motivation:   Experimental, Social
Personality: Factual, Deliberate,
Aptitude: Visual, Verbal, Sequential, Numeric, Precision, Figurework
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
Biology
Chemistry
Physics
Mathematics
English
 
Where do they work?
Hospitals, Medical facilities, research institutes, medicine manufacturing companies, health-care centres, Government.
 
Medicine is a vast area. Here is a brief classification:
1.     Basic sciences
Anatomy; Biochemistry; Biostatistics; Embryology; Epidemiology; Genetic Histology; Immunology; Microbiology; Neuroscience; Nutrition;
Pathology; Pharmacology; Physiology; Toxicology
2.     Diagnostic specialties
        Clinical laboratory; Transfusion medicine; Cellular Clinical chemistry; Hematology; Clinical microbiology; Clinical immunology; Radiology; Interventional radiology; Nuclear Medicine
3.     Clinical disciplines
         Anaesthesiology; Dermatology; Emergency; Internal; Naturopathy; Neurology; ObGyn; Palliative care; Dentistry
4.     Interdisciplinary Fields
         Bioethics; Biomedical Engineering; Clinical pharmacology; Conservation; Diving; Forensics; Keraunomedicine Medical informatics; Medical computer science; eHealth; Pharmacogenomics; Sports medicine; Therapeutics; Travel medicine/Emporiatrics
 
Job Titles:
Physician
Specialist               
Consultant
Intern (Medical Student)              
Anaesthesiologist
Hospital Management 
Public Health Administration 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Music

Music is an art form whose medium is sound. Music is by itself a simple art yet the career choices it offers are diverse.
 
Motivation:  Arts, Business
Personality: Imaginative, Spontaneous, 
Aptitude: Sequential, Spatial, Visual, Verbal
 
Secondary School subjects required:
Language
Performance Arts (Music)
 
Where do they work?
Individually, Music companies, Recording studios, Performance Art crews, Music schools, Therapy Centres.
 
About Music Industry:
·         The music industry is involved directly in the entertainment industry and film industry. Although music is selectively terms as songs and lyrics there is a lot more of detail into it.
·         There is an involvement of many other fields such as recording studios
 
A few of the streams in music are:
  • Contemporary Writing and Production
  • Music Business/Management
  • Film Scoring
  • Music Education
  • Music Production & Engineering
  • Electronic Production and Design
  • Music Therapy
  • Performance
  • Professional Music
  • Record Companies
  • Song writing
Job titles:
Music Teacher                     Vocalist
Lyricist                                 Music Therapist
Sound Engineer                  Events Co-ordinator
Instrumentalist                     Performing Artist 
MIDI technician                   Programmer
Performing Synthesist          Music Sequencer
Sound designer                   Orchestrator                        
Advertising executive           Business manager
Field merchandiser              Music publisher
Transcriber                          Jingle writer
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Paramedical Sciences

A nurse is a healthcare professional who is focused on caring for individuals, families, and communities, ensuring that they attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and functioning. Nurses are capable of assessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating care independently of physicians, and they provide support from basic triage to emergency surgery.
 
Motivation: Experimenting, Social, Organising
Personality: Gregarious, Passive
Aptitude: Visual, Sequential, 3-D, Numeric, Figurework
 
Secondary School subjects:
Biology
Chemistry
 
Where do they work?
Medical Institutions, Laboratories, Dispensaries, Clinics, Hospitals, Pharmaceutical Companies, Retirement Houses, Military Camps.
A few segments in nursing:
·         Registered nurses assess, plan, provide and evaluate preventative, curative and rehabilitative care for patients in a wide variety of settings. These include public and private hospitals, nursing homes, the community and home-based services, and in industry. 
·         A clinical nurse specialist is a registered nurse who has demonstrated competency in advanced practice or has developed competency in an area of specialization.
·         A nurse manager is responsible for the effective management of staffing and financial resources enabling the provision of safe, cost effective nursing care within a specified field or across an entire hospital or health service.
·         Holistic Nursing: Holistic nurses provide medical care for patients while honoring the individual's subjective opinions about health, health beliefs, and values.
·         Perioperative Nursing: Perioperative nurses work in operating rooms in specialist hospitals, community and rural hospitals, surgery units and specialized clinics.
·         Psychiatric Nursing: Psychiatric nurses provide care for people suffering from psychiatric or mental illnesses.
·         School Nursing: School nurses are stationed at schools and to assure that the students and faculty of schools are provided proper medical care and other support inside the school itself.
 
Job Titles:
Out Patient Specialists                   Anesthesia Specialist
Cardiac Care Specialist                  Critical Care Specialist 
Emergency Nurses                          Forensic Nurses
Midwives                                        Military Nurses
Pediatric Nurses                             Physiotherapy
Occupational Therapy                   Nursing                                          
Radiology      
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Performing Arts

Performance art is art in which the actions of an individual or a group at a particular place and in a particular time constitute the work. It can happen anywhere, at any time, or for any length of time.In performance art, usually one or more people perform in front of an audience. Performance artists often challenge the audience to think in new and unconventional ways about theatre and performing, break conventions of traditional performing arts, and break down conventional ideas.
 
Motivation: Arts, Physical
Personality: Imaginative, Gregarious
Aptitude: Spatial, Visual, Verbal, 3D, Sequential 
 
Secondary School subjects required:
Drama
English
Languages
Music
 
Where do they work?
Music industry, dance groups, entertainment firms, individually.
 
The various segments:
·         Performing arts include the dance, music, opera, drama, magic, Spoken word and circus arts.
·         Artists who participate in performing arts in front of an audience are called performers, including actors, comedians, dancers, magicians, musicians, and singers. Performing arts are also supported by workers in related fields, such as song writing and stagecraft.
·         Performers often adapt their appearance, such as with costumes and stage makeup, etc.
·         There is also a specialized form of fine art in which the artists perform their work live to an audience. This is called performance art.
 
Job Titles
Art & Cultural Planner               Media Planner
Performance Artist                    Musician
Performer                                 Instrumentalist
Vocalist                                    Dancer
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Philosophy & Ethics

It is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
 
Motivation:   Words, Social
Personality: Imaginative, Solitary
Aptitude: Verbal, Vocabulary, Precision, Visual, Sequential, Figurework
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Religion Studies
English
Languages
 
Where do they work?
Educational Institutes, historical centres, museums, archaeological firms, religious institutes.
 
About philosophy and ethics:
1)     Philosophy - It is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument.
        Metaphysics; Epistemology;  Ethics; Political Philosophy; Aesthetics;  Philosophical logic; Philosophy of mind; Philosophy of language; Philosophy of religion
2)     Ethics – It is also known as moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions about morality—that is, concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice, etc.
 
Major branches of ethics include:
·         Meta-ethic - is about the theoretical meaning and reference of moral propositions and how their truth-values (if any) may be determined;
·         Normative ethics - about the practical means of determining a moral course of action;
·         Applied ethics - about how moral outcomes can be achieved in specific situations;
·         Moral psychology - about how moral capacity or moral agency develops and what its nature is; and
·         Descriptive ethics - about what moral values people actually abide by.
 
Job Titles:
Research Analyst                         Grant Coordinator
Lobbyist                                       Fundraiser                                   
Reporter/Journalist                       Professor                                     
Corporate Researcher                   Attorney                                      
Ethicist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Physics

Physicists study the behavior of the physical world at the most basic level, and then find practical ways to apply new knowledge gained from their research in many areas of science and technology. 
 
Motivation:   Experimenting, Physical
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Numerical, Figurework, Visual, 3-D, Spatial
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
Physics
Mathematics
Chemistry
ICT/ Computer Studies
 
Where do they work?
Government, military, hospitals, university, schools, research institutes, laboratories.
 
The various segments in physics:
  • Theoretical Physicists: Those who develop theories or models of how particular aspects of the world work
  • Experimental Physicists: Those who test these theories, determining their limits and suggesting new approaches to them
  • Applied Physicists: Those who apply these findings in practical settings, such as within industry and through the introduction of new technology.
    There is interaction between all three roles and physicists generally have skills in each of these areas.  
Job Titles:
Geophysicist                                         Kinesiologist
Nuclear Imaging Technologist              Astronomer
Atomic and Molecular Physicist            Medical and Health Physicist Nanotechnologist                                  
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Politics & International Relations

Political science is a social science concerned with the theory and practice of politics and the analysis of political systems and political behaviour. Political science intersects with other fields; including public policy, national politics, economics, international relations, comparative politics, psychology, sociology, history, law, and political theory.
International Relations is the study of relationships between countries, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and multinational corporations (MNCs). It is both an academic and public policy field, and can be either positive or normative as it both seeks to analyze as well as formulate the foreign policy of particular states. It is often considered a branch of political but it is treated as an interdisciplinary field of study.
 
Motivation: Words, Social, Business
Personality: Spontaneous, Assertive
Aptitude: Verbal, Vocabulary, Visual, Figurework
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Sociology
Economics
History
Languages
 
Where do they work?
Government, Embassies, Political Parties, Community Interest Groups.
 
Politics & International Relations
Political scientists study the theory, origin, development, interrelationships and functioning of political institutions and movements as well as individual, group and mass political behaviour and their relationship to society and the economy. 
A political scientist may perform the following tasks:
  • research fields such as political philosophy, the theory and practice of political systems and institutions, public administration, political party systems, the development of public opinion, international relations, and relations between government and business
  • assemble research data by consulting and studying the works of others and observing the workings of contemporary political institutions and practices
  • present findings and conclusions in a form suitable for publication or use by government, political parties, international institutions and non-government organisations
  • plan and direct public opinion surveys and interpret results
  • write articles for daily papers and journals to inform the public
  • present political information on radio and television.
Job Titles
Activist                                             Attorney
Campaign Operative                       Committee Staffer
Communications Director                Corporate Analyst
Corporate Adviser                            Editor - Political Journal
Entrepreneur                                   Federal Government Analyst
Information Manager                      Intelligence Officer                          
International Agency Officer
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Psychology

Psychology is both an applied and academic field that studies the human mind and behaviour. Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion and behaviour. Applications of psychology include mental health treatment, performance enhancement, self-help, ergonomics and many other areas affecting health and daily life.
 
Motivation: Experimenting, Words, Social
Personality: Imaginative, Solitary
Aptitude: Visual, Numerical, Verbal, Sequences
 
Secondary School Subjects Required
Biology
Chemistry
English
Mathematics
 
Where do they work?
Educational Institutes, Medical Facilities, Research Institutes, Individually, Hospitals, Government. Nursing homes, Retirement Homes, Counselling Houses.
 
Various segments of psychology
·         Biological psychology or behavioural neuroscience is the study of the biological substrates of behaviour and mental processes.
·         Clinical psychologists work with individuals, children, families, couples, or small groups.
·         Cognitive psychology studies cognition, the mental processes underlying mental activity. Perception, learning, problem solving, reasoning, thinking, memory, attention, language and emotion are areas of research.
·         Comparative psychology refers to the study of the behaviour and mental life of animals other than human beings.
·         Developmental Psychology - Mainly focusing on the development of the human mind through the life span.
·         Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations.
·         School psychology combines principles from educational psychology and clinical psychology to understand and treat students with learning disabilities.
·         Industrial and organizational psychology (I–O) applies psychological concepts and methods to optimize human potential in the workplace.
·         Personality psychology is concerned with enduring patterns of behaviour, thought, and emotion in individuals, commonly referred to as personality.
·         Social psychology studies the nature and causes of social behaviour.
·         Professional psychology is a broad term referring to the application of principles of the above areas of psychology in clinical, educational, organizational, and other settings. It is closely related to applied psychology.
 
Job Titles
Child Psychiatrist              Behavioural Counsellor
Psychologist                     Psychometrician
Therapist                         Sports Psychology
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Real Estate

Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with improvements to the land, such as buildings, fences, wells and other site improvements that are fixed in location—immovable.
Real Estate is basically the development of land and the building of infrastructure.
 
Motivation: Organising, Business
Personality: Factual, Assertive
Aptitude: Verbal, Figurework, Visual, Numeric, Spatial, Precision 
 
Secondary School Subjects required
English
Geography
Mathematics
 
Where do they work?
Individually, construction companies, infrastructure firms, Engineering houses, government, private brokerage houses.
 
The various segments involved:
Real Estate in its simplest terms can mean dealing with property. Here is a simple segmentation of property it deals with:
·         Vacant Land – this is empty land which is dealt with for sale. It could be for housing, industries, commercial or any other purpose depending upon the zone and rules as per the government.
·         Residential Properties – these are properties which are dealt with for housing purposes. Houses, flats, villas, condos are classified under this kind of property.
·         Commercial Properties - Commercial property can be empty land zoned for commercial use, or an existing business building or buildings.
 
Job Titles:
Land Economists               Property Valuer
Property Developer            Mortgage Underwriter
Land Developer                 Builder                              
Contractor
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Sociology

Sociology is the study of society. Sociology is both topically and methodologically a very broad discipline. Its traditional focuses have included social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularisation, law, and deviance. As all spheres of human activity are sculpted by social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as health, military and penal institutions, the Internet, and even the role of social activity in the development of scientific knowledge.
 
Motivation: Words, Social, Experimenting
Personality: Imaginative, Passive
Aptitude: Visual, Verbal, Vocabulary, Sequences, Figurework
 
Secondary School Subjects required:
English
Sociology
History
Economics
 
Where do they work?
Libraries, Educational Institutes, NGO’s, Government, Private groups, Social Service Projects, Individually, Community Centres, Health Care clinics.
 
The few segments are:
·         Economic Sociology: It studies both the social effects and the social causes of various economic phenomena.
·         Rural Sociology:It is the analysis of non-metropolitan areas.
·         Human Sociology:It is the study of man's collective interaction with his environment.
·         Urban Sociology: It involves the analysis of social life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.
·         Political Sociology: It is the study of the relations between political organization and society.
 
Job Titles
Clinical Sociologist                           Community Health Educator            
Social Worker                                    Human Services Worker                    
Project co-ordinator                           Social Service Specialist                  
Community Worker 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Sports & Leisure Studies

Motivation:   Physical, Business
Personality:  Assertive, Gregarious
Aptitude: Visual, Spatial, Precision, Figurework
 
Sports Studies:
This involves a specialization in sports and applying of techniques to enhance performance. It is a highly paid career and also has been known to be in great demand since recent years. Sports studies also have further career pathways such as sports administration and sports management.
 
Secondary School Subjects:
Biology
Physical Education
 
Where do they work?
Education institutes, Training Camps, Military, Sports clubs, Corporate Companies involved in Sports, Individually.  
 
Job Titles
Entertainment Centre Manager       Fitness Centre Manager
Sports Development Manager         Sports Facility Manager
Sports Marketing Manager              Sports Psychology 
Sports Management                       Adventure Sports     
 
Leisure Studies:
This path includes Hospitality, Travel and Tourism. It is a huge cluster in which the name itself suggests the core element of work. Leisure studies have career pathways such as hospitality management, travel and tourism studies. Providing service to the clients is the main aim.
 
In hospitality, a huge sector of the aviation industry comes in as well. Leisure studies has its inclination on many other fields as well.
 
Secondary School Subjects Required
Geography
History
Languages
 
Where do they work?
Hotels, Travel Agencies, Tourism Promoting Companies, Government, Heritage Preservation Organisations, Aviation.
 
Job Titles
Travel Agent/Consultant      Hotel Manager
Cabin Crew                           Travel Consultant 
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Textile Technology

The textile industry is concerned with the production and manufacture fabrics. A lot of processes and various degrees of work are required in manufacturing and finally selling the product.
 
Motivation: Arts, Experimenting, Business
Personality: Imaginative, Spontaneous,
Aptitude: Numerical,Spatial, Figurework, Visual, Sequences,
 
Secondary school subjects required:
Art
Mathematics
Physics
Chemistry
 
Where do they work?
Factories, Garment production houses, Cottage industries, Clothing design houses.
 
The various segments are:
The textile industry is vast in its application and there is a variety of technical detail and creative ideas involved after the actual production of fabric or rather the separation of it. There is the procurement of the raw material and the processing there after to furnish it into the final product.
Textiles include woven, knitted or printed fabrics used for making clothes, furnishings, upholstery, carpets, lace etc.
Textile technology, once considered a handicraft, has become a highly sophisticated, scientific and engineering activity thanks to the invention of new types of fibres and technologies. The field encompasses different areas of engineering such as mechanical, electrical, computer, chemical, instrumentation, electronic and structural engineering. Apparel and fashion technology, a part of textile technology has become an important activity for the designing, fashioning and marketing of garments. All this requires knowledge of latest technology and the present day textile-design students are poised to take up the challenge.
·         Textile Engineering
·         Textile Information Systems Design
·         Polymer Engineering
·         Biomaterials Engineering
 
Job Titles:
Textile Engineer                  Fabric Development 
Technical Services/Sales     Quality Control 
Assistant Designer                 Stylist
Product Development           
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above) 

Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Medicine is that branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries of animals, both domestic and wild-life.
 
Motivation: Physical, Experimenting
Personality: Factual, Deliberate
Aptitude: Visual, Numerical, Figurework, Precision
 
Secondary School subjects required:
Biology
Chemistry
Physics
 
Where do they work?
Hospitals, clinics, Medical institutes, individually, animal care centres, animal shelters, individually, animal conservation centres.
 
About Veterinary Medicine
·         Veterinary medicine is the branch of science that deals with the application of medical, surgical, public health, dental, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to non-human animals, including wildlife and domesticated animals, including livestock, working animals, and companion animals.
·         Practitioners of veterinary medicine are known as veterinarians. In most developed countries, veterinarians are highly qualified professionals with advanced educations.
·         Veterinary science helps human health through the monitoring and control of zoonotic diseases.
·         Veterinarians diagnose and treat sickness, disease and injury in all types of animals. They advise on measures to prevent the occurrence or spread of diseases, and on ways to improve the health and productivity of animals. They also supervise safety standards on food supplies. 
 
Job Titles:
Veterinary Doctor
Laboratory Animal Health Tech
Veterinary Technologist
(Note: There are other job profiles available which have not been mentioned above)

 

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